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This study aims to describe India's biennial HIV estimation 2017 process, data inputs, tool, methodology and epidemiological assumptions used for generating the HIV estimates and trends of key indicators for 2010-2017 at national and State/Union levels. The study generated HIV estimations on key indicators and reveals national adult prevalence of HIV to be 0.22 per cent in 2017. The study shines a light on the possibility of the country missing the end AIDS target of 2030 given the slow annual decline in new HIV infections. It calls for reinforcement of HIV prevention, diagnosis and treatment efforts by geographical regions and population groups. The study can be useful for implementers. Click here to access the study.