Browse this section for recent public health research and data from India and the world.
In India, preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV remains one of the foremost challenges in community health. This study aims to identify, through a systematic review combined with meta-analysis., the prevalence of HIV and correlates of HIV transmission amongst children born to HIV infected mothers. This review found that in India the pooled HIV prevalence of MTCT is as high as 8.78% among babies born to infected mothers. It recommends that urgent attention be given to focused interventions for providing ART (PMTCT intervention), ensuring proper infant ARV prophylaxis, and enabling HIV positive pregnant women to gain access to medical facilities for delivery. These interventions are expected to reduce the occurrence in HIV transmission from mothers to children. These insights can be useful for program implementers such as those working with PLHIVs. Click here to read the review.