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While the extent and severity of mortality impact of COVID-19 on children and youth is still unknown, the potential of a mortality crisis in 2020 threatens years of remarkable improvement and progress. The United Nations Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UN IGME) produces estimates of child and young adolescent mortality annually, reconciling differences across data sources and considering the systematic biases associated with various types of data on child and adolescent mortality. This report presents the latest estimates – through 2019 – of neonatal, infant and under-5 mortality, mortality amongst older children and young adolescents aged 5–14 and older adolescents and youth aged 15–24. The estimates and analysis presented in this report provide the foundation for monitoring changes in mortality, including the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, which itself serves as a call for further disaggregated data as evidence of the differential impact of the virus emerges. It can be a useful resource for policy makers. Click here to read the document.