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The prevalence of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has considerably reduced the occurrence of TB in People Living with HIV (PLHIV). However, since TB is a highly infectious disease, the incidence of TB amongst PLHIV remains high. India has the third-highest HIV burden and almost 1 million annual TB incidence amongst PLHIV. This article documents a retrospective cohort study using programmatic data from one of India’s largest public-sector ART delivery programs in Pune, Maharashtra. It aims to estimate the incidence rate and risk factors of TB among HIV-infected adults who receive first- and second-line ART. This paper is relevant for government health departments and health officials involved in PLHIV TB care and management.
Reducing the risk of HIV in newborns and treating children born with HIV.
by Anita Nath 30 min read