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Increased uptake of Antiretroviral Treatment has considerably increased life expectancy for people living with HIV (PLHIV). This research brief quantifies the aging HIV-infected population in India by undertaking a mathematical model analysis of the 2017 HIV burden estimations carried out by the National AIDS Control Programme. It also highlights the implications of the increased life expectancy such as a greater incidence of communicable and non-communicable diseases by 2030. The estimations are: 78 percent of the PLHIV aged 50 years or more will have cardiovascular diseases and 17 percent will have diabetes. In fact, aging has been declared the number one problem for PLHIV. This brief can provide insights for policymakers and implementers to design comprehensive interventions for the aging PLHIV.
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